Kategori

Periklanan

Share |

Mueller Hinton Agar

Himedia - India Catalog : M173 kemasan 500 g.

Category: Bacteriological Culture Media.

for cultivation of Neisseria and for determination of susceptibility of microorganisms to antimicrobial agents.

Lebih detail


Harga Rp.0

Technical Data


Mueller Hinton Agar is used for cultivation of Neisseria and for determination of susceptibility of microorganisms to antimicrobial agents.

Composition

Ingredients

Grams/Litre

Beef, infusion from

300.000

Casein acid hydrolysate

17.500

Starch

1.500

Agar

17.000

Final pH ( at 25°C)

7.3±0.2

Formula adjusted, standardized to suit performance parameters

Directions

Suspend 38 grams in 1000 ml distilled water. Heat to boiling to dissolve the medium completely. Sterilize by autoclaving at 15 lbs pressure (121°C) for 15 minutes. Mix well before pouring.

Principle And Interpretation

The Mueller Hinton formulation was originally developed as a simple, transparent agar medium for the cultivation of pathogenic Neisseria species (1). Other media were subsequently developed that replaced the use of Mueller Hinton Agar for the cultivation of pathogenic Neisseria species, but it became widely used in the determination of sulfonamide resistance of gonococci and other organisms. Mueller Hinton Agar is now used as a test medium for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (2). Mueller Hinton Agar is recommended for the diffusion of antimicrobial agents impregnated on paper disc through an agar gel as described in CLSI Approved Standard (3). Mueller Hinton Agar has been selected by the CLSI for several reasons:

i. It demonstrates good batch-to-batch reproducibility for susceptible testing.

ii. It is low in sulfonamide, trimethoprim and tetracycline inhibitors.

iii. It supports the growth of most non-fastidious bacterial pathogens and

iv. Many data and much experience regarding its performance have been recorded (9).

Kirby-Bauer et al recommended this medium for performing antibiotic susceptibility tests using a single disc of high concentration (4). WHO Committee on Standardization of Susceptibility Testing has accepted Mueller Hinton Agar for determining the susceptibility of microorganisms because of its reproducibility (5). Mueller Hinton Agar with 5% sheep blood and Mueller Hinton Agar with Hemoglobin have been recommended for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae .

Beef infusion and casein acid hydrolysate provide nitrogenous compounds, carbon, sulphur and other essential nutrients.

Starch acts as a protective colloid against toxic substances present in the medium. Starch hydrolysis yields dextrose, which serves as a source of energy. These ingredients are selected for low thymine and thymidine content as determined by MIC values for Enterococcus faecalis with sulfamethoxazoletrimethoprim (SXT). Calcium and magnesium ion concentrations are adjusted to provide the amounts recommended by CLSI to give the correct MIC values with

aminoglycosides and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (2).

The Kirby-Bauer procedure is based on agar diffusion of antimicrobial substances impregnated on paper discs. This method employs disc with a single concentration of antimicrobial agent and the zone diameters observed are correlated with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values (1, 2, 6). A standardized suspension of the organism is swabbed over the entire surface of the medium. Paper discs impregnated with specific amounts of antimicrobial agents are then

placed on the surface of the medium, incubated and zones of inhibition around each disc are measured. The susceptibility is determined by comparing with CLSI standards (7). The various factors, which influence disc diffusion susceptibility tests, are agar depth, disc potency, inoculum concentration, pH of the medium and beta-lactamase production by test organisms (7, 9).

Mueller Hinton Agar is not appropriate for assay by disc diffusion method with slow growing organisms, anaerobes and capnophiles. With slow growing organisms, increased incubation may cause deterioration of diffusing antibiotic and produce unprecise readings (8).

Quality Control

Appearance

Cream to yellow homogeneous free flowing powder

Gelling

Firm, comparable with 1.7% agar gel.

Colour and Clarity of prepared medium

Light amber coloured clear to slightly opalescent gel froms in Petri plates

Reaction

Reaction of 3.8% w/v aqueous solution at 25°C. pH : 7.3±0.2

Cultural Response

M173: Cultural characteristics observed after an incubation at 35 - 37°C for 18 - 24 hours.

Organism

Inoculum

(CFU)

Growth

Recovery

Escherichia coli ATCC

25922

50-100

luxuriant

>=70%

Haemophilus influenzae

ATCC 49247

50-100

goodluxuriant(

on

Mueller

Hinton

Chocolate

Agar)

>=70%

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

ATCC 49226

50-100

luxuriant

>=70%

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

ATCC 27853

50-100

luxuriant

>=70%

Staphylococcus aureus

ATCC 25923

50-100

luxuriant

>=70%

Enterococcus faecalis ATCC

29212

50-100

luxuriant

>=70%

Streptococcus pneumoniae

ATCC 6305

50-100

luxuriant

(on Mueller

Hinton Blood

Agar)

>=70%

 

Reference

1. Mueller J. H. and Hinton J., 1941, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 48:330.

2. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, 2000, Approved Standard: M7-A5. Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that grow aerobically, 5th Ed., NCCLS, Wayne, Pa.

3. NCCLS Approved Standard: ASM-2, 1979, Performance Standards for Antimicrobic disc Susceptibility Tests, 2nd

Ed., National Committee for Clin. Lab. Standards.

4. Bauer A. W., Kirby W. M., Sherris J. L. and Turck M., 1966, Am. J. Clin. Pathol., 45:493.

5. Present Status and Future Work, WHO Sponsored collaborative study, Chicago, Oct. 1967.

6. Ericsson H. M. and Sherris J. L., 1971, Acta Pathol. Microbiol., Scand. Sect B Suppl., 217:1.

7. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, 1986, Proposed Standards, M6-P, NCCLS, Villanova, Pa.

8. MacFaddin J. F., 1985, Media for Isolation-Cultivation-Identification-Maintenance of Medical Bacteria, Vol. 1,

Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore

9. Murray P. R., Baron J. H., Pfaller M. A., Jorgensen J. H. and Yolken R. H., (Ed.), 2003, Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 8th Ed., American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C. ,,

Storage and Shelf Life

Store below 30°C and the prepared medium at 2 - 8°C. Use before expiry date on the label.